A new study from Green Park shows the leadership pipeline, supplying the highest tier of management in FTSE 100 companies, features the highest level of ethnic minority talent in four years. Progress is being made with ethnic minorities moving up the management funnel, though at five percent of those in the pipeline it still is not a fair representation of British society.
While the pipeline is improving there remains a question over whether minorities can break through the glass ceiling, as the top roles in companies remain a closed shop for ethnic minority and female leaders. There has been a decrease of 18% in the number of ethnic minorities holding positions at Chair, CEO and CFO level in FTSE 100 companies.
Almost six in 10 (58%) main boards in the FTSE 100 currently have no ethnic minority presence. This is a slight improvement on the 62 companies that recorded all-white main boards in last year’s report. Yet it calls into question whether the target set in Sir John Parker’s consultation document that no FTSE board should remain mono-racial by 2020 will be met.
There remains no female ethnic minority CEO or CFO in the FTSE 100 and women still only hold 6% of the top 300 jobs. Looking at the ethnicity of the 21 Chair, CEO and CFO positions held by women in the FTSE, 20 are white. White women are twice as likely to reach the top three positions in a FTSE 100 company compared to an ethnic minority male and 20 times more likely than an ethnic minority female.
Green Park’s analysis also looked at the firms that were out performing the rest of the FTSE 100 in terms of diversity. InterContinental Hotels Group is the top performing FTSE 100 company in Green Park’s rankings for gender and ethnic diversity, followed by Standard Chartered and Unilever.
Table one: Top 10 FTSE 100 companies measured by diversity of leadership
Source: Green Park Leadership 10,000 report, 2017
There has been an increase of one per cent in the number of female Chairmen and CEOs within the FTSE 100 since Green Park’s previous report. There is a small increase of 2.3% in the number of women at the Top 20 level and 1.1% at the Top 100 level. However, the number of industries where gender diversity is regressing is now outweighing those that are improving with eight moving backwards at Top 100 level and four moving backwards at Top 20 level. The number of female CFOs has remained stagnant and the percentage of women holding top jobs across the index is still just 6%. Three quarters (76%) of the total employees in top 20 positions across the FTSE 100 who graduated from a Russell Group university are female while 70% of leaders who graduated from an Ivy League university are female. Overall, this means that women are three times more likely to need a qualification from a prestigious university to gain a board position in the UK than men.
Taking the top 10,000 roles as a whole, the pipeline to senior positions for ethnic minorities is being diversified but only in specific industries. There has been an increase of 451 (102%) ethnic minority executives throughout the FTSE 100 leadership this year, a collective increase of 0.5% and 5% at Top 20 and Top 100 level respectively. Analysis of industrial sectors shows that telecoms, health and banking and finance are attracting and promoting ethnic minority talent in increasing numbers, with telecoms showing a 20.1% increase in minority leaders at Top 100 level due to 52 new hires at BT and Vodafone.
Key recommendations from the report
Green Park sets out three recommendations within its report:
- Given the UK’s desire to increase trade with non-EU countries, the government should increase its support for initiatives that aim to raise the number of ethnic minority corporate leaders in the UK from East Asian and African backgrounds
- Boards should give renewed attention to the objective of diversity in succession planning. This responsibility should sit with the Chairman and not be delegated
- Major shareholders should insist that their Nomination Committees submit annual accounts of their efforts to recruit board members who are not white and male
Baroness McGregor-Smith CBE, Vice-chair of DRIVE (Green Park’s social enterprise) and author of ‘Race in the workplace: The McGregor-Smith review’, commented: “Despite the report showing that every industry in the FTSE 100 still needs to do better with proportional diversity, the findings provide actionable baseline data for the index to improve their leadership’s diversity, moving them closer to achieving the diversity dividend.
“This report’s data paints a clear picture of current-state diversity across the index and can be used to pro-actively take diversity conversations to the boards of our leading companies to show minority communities that they are a priority to the companies they work for.”
Raj Tulsiani, CEO of Green Park, said: “In a world where access to top talent from abroad may be increasingly limited, it would be foolish for major enterprises to continue to ignore talent from underrepresented groups. The reduction in female leaders in so many industry sectors is a worrying trend, especially as it coincides with the first rise in BAME representation in four years. Given the need for greater cultural empathy in a post Brexit Britain being able to move forward sustainably will become an increasingly important element of brand trust in the eyes of the public, regulators and institutional investors.
“What we are seeing is a trend to ‘tick the boxes’ in diversity recruitment. FTSE companies have had initiatives to improve gender diversity on the board, but now appear to be focusing more on improving their pipelines of future leaders from ethnically diverse backgrounds. The organisations that succeed will adopt a more inclusive overall recruitment strategy, rather than addressing each initiative in isolation.”